Winter camping activity is quite extreme, so participants must have a sufficient share of common sense and responsibility because the actions of each depends the well-being of the entire group.
The main dangers in a winter hike:
- Unpreparedness, lack of foresight participants
- Low temperature (wind amplifies the effect, humidity as well)
The combination of the first and second can be deadly!
To not freeze and will not AMMONOIDEA, among other things, it is necessary to pay attention to such moments:
— Not to disturb the blood circulation (not pressing clothes, not huddling shoes)
Even light pressure on the surface of the body (folds of clothing, too tight bands, tight fitting clothes, etc.) sufficient to weaken the circulation in this place. Because is to long. For example, you can get frostbite of the toes — only because of the fact that their boots were a little tight.
— Do not overwork
It is reasonable to organize a mode of motion/rest and food. Preferably after every 50 minutes of movement to rest 5-10 minutes. Physiologically this is the best mode for the person to move for a very long time. To stop time need to be warmed.
Try not to take along excess weight. When you need to “trail” (a path trodden in deep snow) first reaching more tired after all, so it need to be replaced periodically (tropusi ignores the group and becomes the last)
— Not to sweat
The loss of body fluid leads to thickening of the blood, deteriorating the movement of blood through the vessels and, accordingly, the heat flow to parts of the body.
So you need to adjust the amount of clothing “castagnetti” and rate of movement so that not to sweat. You should also regularly drink hot.
Wet clothing retains heat poorly, which is especially dangerous when the person stops moving. After you stop you must put on dry, if necessary, to change underwear and socks to put on extra warm clothing. Taken gloves or mittens put in his bosom, — will not be lost and will be dry and warm.
— Time to eat
In conditions of low temperature require special attention limbs in windy weather added to the face. Should continuously monitor the sensitivity of the toes, they often actively moving for good circulation.
Also to improve the circulation in your toes (hands) you can make a few sharp swings limb. The blood to the fingers and warm them.
For ignition of the burner and the fire you need tightly Packed matches and lighters. Matches can be dry, but the lighter does not work on a frost, so it is necessary to have both. Moreover, such a kit should be available to each participant of a hike, for incidental damage (loss) of a set of several participants. For example, the ice collapsed, things got wet or went down, or someone strayed from the group.
Good kindling for a fire, birch bark. Thanks to the contained resins is perfectly lit. Just do not remove birch bark from live trees.
If the burner with a pot close to the wind the water will boil much faster with less fuel. It is convenient to do so: to roll the carpet tube and put it on the ground, so that the burner was inside. In conditions of strong wind for a torch in the snow breaks “den” of the required depth.
Gas burner with gas heating in the cold works better than without it. Gasoline stoves in the cold gas more reliable.
In order to avoid unnecessary adventure to build the camp you need before dark. While some are setting up tents, others gathered firewood, cooking dinner. When all are busy, all heat clothes, wet then while driving, dries up on the body. Soon will be ready overnight, which greatly increases the chance to get pleasure from staying in the winter woods, to protect yourself from hypothermia and discontent comrades.
Under the tent prepare the site:
Trample down the snow, then give him time to freezing, then put up a tent.
Another option is to clear the Board from the snow, spread her fire to warm the soil, after burning firewood carefully remove the coals and put the tent up.
The mats in the tent are laid overlapping and with the expectation that extreme mats (if possible) bent on the wall of the tent, so lying on the edge will protect the sleeping bag from getting wet (the tent walls condenseries moisture) and from the cold. In winter, use thicker mats or two standard. Night on all surfaces inside the tent will have the condensation from people’s breath. Better if it is not a sleeping bag. This is on top of the sleeping bags to further hide something, then the condensate will this “something”, not on Your sleeping bag. The shoes take on the night in the tent, so it does not freeze, it is necessary to tie in the package to protect from condensation. If the temperature is very low, and the next day it is planned to transfer without an opportunity to warm boots warm, the crackling of the stove, then have to take shoes to his sleeping bag. Otherwise, in the morning in a cold Shoe feet will get cold, for which, of course, thank you not say.